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:: Volume 25, Issue 4 (10-2013) ::
J Iran Dent Assoc 2013, 25(4): 235-241 Back to browse issues page
Experimental Study of Smear Layer and Debris Remaining Following the Use of Four Root Canal Preparation Systems Using Scanning Electron Microscopy
Maryam Zare Jahromi1, Mohammad hoseain Fathi2, Saeid Zamiran *3
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Endodontics , School of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University Khorasgan Branch , Isfahan , Iran
2- Professor, Department of Material Engineering , Isfahan University of Technology , Isfahan , Iran
3- Endodontist , saeedzamiran@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8849 Views)

  Background and Aim: Since the use of rotary nickel titanium instruments is an essential part of endodontic treatment, itis important to compare the root canal cleaning ability of these instruments. The aim of this study was to compare the amount of smear layer and debris remaining following the use of four rotary instruments: MTwo , Pro Taper , Race and BioRaCe .

  Materials and Methods : A total of120 mesiobuccal canals of extracted human first molars with apical root curvature of 10 ° to 20 ° were selected. Working length of all roots was 19 mm. The roots were randomly divided into four groups of 30 specimens. After the preparation of access cavity, the roots were instrumented using rotary instruments according to the manufacturer’s instructions. After each file, the root canal was irrigated with 2.5%sodium hypochlorite. Then the roots were studied under scanning electron microscope. The smear layer and debris scoreswere evaluated by 2 endodontistsusing Schafer and Schlingemann classification. Kruskal -Wallis and Dunn tests were used for statistical analysis of results .

  Results: The amount of smear layer produced by MTwo was lower than the other instrumentation techniques and it was significantly lower than that inBioRaCe system (p<0.05). The amount of debris was also lower in the mentioned group but the difference in this respect between groups was not significant. BioRaCe system had the highest level of remained smear layer while Pro Taper had the highest amount of remained debris .

  Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it was revealed that MTwo instruments had greater capability of removing smear layer and debris than theBioRaCe system .

Keywords: Root canal preparation/instrumentation, Smear layer, SEM
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Type of Study: Orginal | Subject: Endodentics
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Zare Jahromi M, Fathi M H, Zamiran S. Experimental Study of Smear Layer and Debris Remaining Following the Use of Four Root Canal Preparation Systems Using Scanning Electron Microscopy. J Iran Dent Assoc. 2013; 25 (4) :235-241
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Volume 25, Issue 4 (10-2013) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Iranian Dental Association


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