[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Editorial Policies::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Last site contents
:: Contact Us
:: Volume 30, Issue 3 (7-2018) ::
J Iran Dent Assoc 2018, 30(3): 106-112 Back to browse issues page
Relationship Between Body Mass Index, Lipid Profile and Dental Caries
Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel * 1, Hamidreza Abdolsamadi2 , Mohammad Taghi Goodarzi3 , Zohreh Jamshidi4 , Ali Mahdavinezhad5
1- Associate Professor, Dental Research Center and Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Oral Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , f.ahmadi@umsha.ac.ir
2- Professor, Dental Research Center, Department of Oral Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3- Professor, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
5- Assistant Professor, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Department of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Abstract:   (3096 Views)
Background and Aim: Dental caries is the most common infectious, non-communicable, chronic disease worldwide. Obesity and overweight are major public health problems. Both dental caries and obesity have multi-factorial etiology. The aim of the present study was to determine the possible correlation between the body mass index (BMI), lipid profile and dental caries in two groups of high-school students with active caries (AC) and no caries (CF) in Hamadan, Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, 118 high-school students between 15-19 years were divided into two groups of AC and CF. All clinical examinations were carried out by a single examiner. Blood samples were obtained from the antecubital vein. Lipid profile was assessed by the enzymatic method using an auto-analyzer. Data were analyzed using Stata.11 software. Statistical comparisons were made using Stu-dent’s t-test and chi-square test.
Results: BMI was significantly lower in AC group than CF group (P=0.008). Males had higher BMI than females (P=0.056). CF group had significantly lower level of triglycer-ides (P=0.01), cholesterol (P=0.02) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (P=0.02) than AC group.
Conclusion: Our results showed that dental caries adversely affects the systemic growth pattern, and students with dental caries had lower BMI than others. Altered lipid profile had a higher frequency in AC group. Dental caries and obesity are both multi-factorial diseases; hence, well-designed epidemiologic studies on the same age group need to be performed in the future taking into account the socioeconomic and cultural factors.
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Lipids, Dental caries
Full-Text [PDF 294 kb]   (1236 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Oral Medicine
1. Edelstein BL. The dental caries pandemic and disparities problem. BMC Oral Health. 2006; 6(Suppl 1): S2.
2. Benzian H, Monse B, Heinrich-Weltzien R, Hobdell M, Mulder J, van Palenstein Helderman W. Untreated severe dental decay: a neglected determinant of low Body Mass Index in 12-year-old Filipino children. BMC Public Health. 2011 Jul 13;11:558.
3. Gaur S, Nayak R. Underweight in low socioeconomic status preschool children with severe early childhood caries. J Indian Soc Pe-dod Prev Dent. 2011 Oct-Dec;29(4):305-9.
4. Kelishadi R, Mortazavi S, Hossein TR, Poursafa P. Association of cardiometabolic risk factors and dental caries in a population-based sample of youths. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2010 Apr 7;2:22.
5. Means RT Jr. Recent developments in the anemia of chronic disease. Curr Hematol Rep 2003 Mar; 2 (2):116-21.
6. Frisbee SJ, Chambers CB, Frisbee JC, Goodwill AG, Crout RJ. Self-reported dental hygiene, obesity, and systemic inflammation in a pediat-ric rural community cohort. BMC Oral Health. 2010 Sep 18;10:21.
7. Toutouni H, Nokhostin MR, Amaechi BT, Zafarmand AH. The prevalence of early child-hood caries among 24 to 36 months old chil-dren of Iran: Using the Novel ICDAS-II Meth-od. J Dent (Shiraz). 2015 Dec;16(4):362-70.
8. Yousofi MA, Behrouzpour K, Kazemi SA, Afroughi S. Dental Caries and Related Factors among 7-12 Year-old School Children in Yasuj, Iran, in 2014. Armaghan e Danesh Bimonth J. 2015 Jan;20(9):836-47.
9. Asdagh S, Nuroloyuni S, Amani F, Sadeghi Mazidi T. Dental Caries Prevalence among 6- 12 Years Old School Children in Ardabil City, 2012. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2015;15(1):39-45.
10. Pinto A, Kim S, Wadenya R, Rosenberg H. Is there an association between weight and dental caries among pediatric patients in an urban den-tal school? A correlation study. J Dent Educ. 2007 Nov;71(11):1435-40.
11. Hedley AA, Ogden CL, Johnson CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children, adolescents, and adults, 1999–2002. JAMA 2004 Jun 16;291(23):2847-50.
12. Willershausen B, Moschos D, Azrak B, Blettner M. Correlation between oral health and body mass index (BMI) in 2071 primary school pu-pils. Eur J Med Res. 2007 Jul 26;12(7):295-9.
13. Bailleul-Forestier I, Lopes K, Souames M, Azoguy-Levy S, Frelut ML, Boy-Lefevre ML. Caries experience in a severely obese adoles-cent population. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2007 Sep;17(5): 358-63.
14. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
15. Modéer T, Blomberg CC, Wondimu B, Julihn A, Marcus C. Association between obesity, flow rate of whole saliva, and dental caries in adolescents. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 Dec; 18 (12):2367-73.
16. Peres MA, de Oliveira LatorreMdo R, Sheiham A, Peres KG, Barros FC, Hernandez PG, et al. Social and biological early life influences on severity of dental caries in children aged 6 years. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2005 Feb; 33 (1):53-63.
17. Wennhall I, Matsson L, Schröder U, Twetman S. Caries prevalence in 3-year-old children liv-ing in a low socio-economic multicultural urban area in southern Sweden. Swed Dent J. 2002;26(4):167-72.
18. Kantovitz KR, Pascon FM, Rontani RM, Gaviao MB. Obesity and dental caries. A systematic review. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2006; 4 (2):137-44.
19. Willershausen B, Haas G, Krummenauer F, Ho-henfellner K. Relationship between high weight and caries frequency in German elementary school children. Eur J Med Res. 2004 Aug;9(8):400-4.
20. Górski B, Nargiełło E, Opolski G, Ganowicz E, Górska R. The association between dental status and systemic lipid profile and inflammatory mediators in patients after myocardial infarc-tion. Adv Clin Exp Med. 2016 Jul-Aug;25(4):625-30.
21. Subramaniam P, Sharma A, Kaje K. Association of salivary triglycerides and cholesterol with dental caries in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Spec Care Dentist. 2015 May-Jun;35(3):120-2.
22. Guentsch A, Preshaw PM, Bremer-Streck S, Klinger G, Glockmann E, Sigusch BW. Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant activity in saliva of periodontitis patients: effect of smoking and periodontal treatment. Clin Oral Investig. 2008 Dec;12(4):345-52.
23. WHO. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic: Report of a WHO Consulta-tion on Obesity, Geneva, 2-5 June 1997.
24. Dean J, Mc Donald R, Avery D. McDonald and Avery Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent. 9th ed., St. Louis, MO, Mosby, 2011:177-9.
25. Dodwad R, Betigeri AV, Preeti BP. Estimation of total antioxidant capacity levels in saliva of caries-free and caries-active children. Contemp Clin Dent. 2011 Jan-Mar;2(1):17-20.
26. Wilson PW, Bozeman SR, Burton TM, Hoaglin DC, Ben-Joseph R, Pashos CL. Prediction of first events of coronary heart disease and stroke with consideration of adiposity. Circulation. 2008 Jul 8;118(2):124-30.
27. Ahmad QI, Ahmad CB, Ahmad SM. Childhood Obesity. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan; 14 (1):19-25.
28. van Gemert-Schriks MC, van Amerongen EW, Aartman IH, Wennink JM, Ten Cate JM, de Soet JJ. The influence of dental caries on body growth in prepubertal children. Clin Oral Inves-tig. 2011 Apr; 15(2):141-9.
29. Malek Mohammadi T, Wright CM, Kay EJ. Childhood growth and dental caries. Communi-ty Dent Health. 2009 Mar;26(1):38-42.
30. Alm A, Fåhraeus C, Wendt LK, Koch G, Andersson-Gäre B, Birkhed D. Body adiposity status in teenagers and snacking habits in early childhood in relation to approximal caries at 15 years of age. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2008 May; 18(3): 189-96.
31. Alm A, Isaksson H, Fåhraeus C, Koch G, Andersson-Gäre B, Nilsson M, et al. BMI status in Swedish children and young adults in relation to caries prevalence. Swed Dent J. 2011;35(1):1-8.
32. Juárez-López ML, Villa-Ramos A. Caries preva-lence in preschool children with overweight and obesity. Rev Invest Clin. 2010 Mar-Apr; 62 (2):115-20.
33. Hilgers KK, Kinane DE, Scheetz JP. Association between childhood obesity and smooth-surface caries in posterior teeth: a preliminary study. Pediatr Dent. 2006 Jan-Feb; 28 (1):23-8.
34. Gerdin EW, Angbratt M, Aronsson K, Eriksson E, Johansson I. Dental caries and body mass index by socio-economic status in Swedish children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2008 Oct; 36 (5):459-65.
35. Sheller B, Churchill SS, Williams BJ, Davidson B. Body mass index of children with severe early childhood caries. Pediatr Dent. 2009 May-Jun;31(3):216-21.
36. Macek MD, Mitola DJ. Exploring the association between overweight and dental car-ies among US children. Pediatr Dent. 2006 Jul-Aug; 28(4):375-80.
37. Sadeghi M, Lynch CD, Arsalan A. Is there a correlation between dental caries and body mass index-for-age among adolescents in Iran? Community Dent Health. 2011 Jun;28(2):174-7.
38. Marshall TA, Eichenberger-Gilmore JM, Broffitt BA, Warren JJ, Levy SM. Dental caries and childhood obesity: roles of diet and socioeconomic status. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2007 Dec;35(6):449-58.
39. Kopycka-Kedzierawski DT, Auinger P, Billings RJ, Weitzman M. Caries status and overweight in 2- to 18-year-old US children: findings from national surveys. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2008 Apr;36(2):157-67.
40. Girija V, Stephen HC. Characterization of lipid in mature enamel using confocal laser scanning microscopy. J Dent. 2003 Jul;31(5):303-11.
41. Costacurta M, Di Renzo L, Bianchi A, Fabiocchi F, De Lorenzo A, Docimo R. Obesity and dental caries in pediatric patients. A cross- sectional study. Eur J Pediatr Dent. 2011 Jun; 12 (2):112-6.
42. Ylöstalo PV, Järvelin MR, Laitinen J, Knuuttila ML. Gingivitis, dental caries and tooth loss: risk factors for cardiovascular diseases or indicators of elevated health risks. J Clin Periodontol. 2006 Feb;33(2):92-101.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmadi-Motamayel F, Abdolsamadi H, Goodarzi M T, Jamshidi Z, Mahdavinezhad A. Relationship Between Body Mass Index, Lipid Profile and Dental Caries . J Iran Dent Assoc 2018; 30 (3) :106-112
URL: http://jida.ir/article-1-1976-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 30, Issue 3 (7-2018) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Iranian Dental Association


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4645