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:: Volume 20, Issue 4 (Foll Text in Persian 2009) ::
J Iran Dent Assoc 2009, 20(4): 301-308 Back to browse issues page
Antiviral effects of different sterilization and disinfection methods on internal tubes of dental handpiece
Masomeh Hasani-Tabatabaei, Hamideh Tabatabaei, Ayoub Pahlavan, Esmaeil Yassini, Maryam Ghavam, Sakineh Arami *1, Mansoreh Mirzaei, Hamid Kermanshah, Masomeh Dousti
1- , nasrin.arami@gmail.com
Abstract:   (17584 Views)

Antiviral effects of different sterilization and disinfection methods on internal tubes of dental handpiece

Dr. Hasani-Tabatabai M.,1 Dr. Tabatabai H.,2 Dr. Pahlavan A.,3 Dr. Yassini E.,4 Dr. Ghavam M.,3 Dr. Arami S.,1 Dr. Mirzaei M.,1 Dr. Kermanshah H.,1

Dr. Dousti M.5

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University / Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran. 2 Assistant Professor, Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University / Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran. 3Associate Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University / Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran. 4 Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University / Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran. 5 Dentist.

(Received 3 May, 2008 Accepted 5 Nov, 2008)

Abstract

Background & Aim: Dental handpieces are the most commonly used instruments in dentistry and their cross contamination is very high due to their direct contact with blood and saliva. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antiviral effects of formalin tablets and autoclave on internal lumens of dental handpieces.

Materials & Methods: This experimental study was designed in order to evaluate the effect of different materials and methods of sterilization and disinfection on virus elimination from internal spaces and interior chambers of dental turbines. Four study groups were composed of: 1) Vacuum autoclave, 2) Non vacuum autoclave, 3) Ten Para Formaldehyde tablets, and 4) Twenty Para Formaldehyde tablets. Nine turbines were tested in each group after preliminary washing, drying and autoclaving. The internal tubes and spaces were then contaminated with Polio and Herpes Simplex virus type I. Antiviral agents and devices were used according to the manufacturers’ instructions. Two cell culture samples were obtained from each handpiece, after washing them with sterile distilled water and MEM (Minimum Essential Medium). In each group one handpiece was designated as control. The culture results were recorded after one week.

Results: Autoclaving was perfectly effective on both Polio and Herpes Simplex virus type I in all groups (vacuumed, non-vacuumed, with or without lubricant). Formalin tablets were 100% effective only on polio virus, and in the 20 tablet group turbines without lubricant. These tablets killed the Herpes Simplex virus in all groups.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, autoclaving is the best method of virus elimination in dental handpiece.

Key words: Sterilization - HBV - HIV - Autoclave.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Arami S., Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University / Medical Sciences. Tehran, Iran.

e.mail: nasrin.arami@gmail.com

Keywords: Sterilization, HBV, HIV, Autoclave.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
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Hasani-Tabatabaei M, Tabatabaei H, Pahlavan A, Yassini E, Ghavam M, Arami S, et al . Antiviral effects of different sterilization and disinfection methods on internal tubes of dental handpiece. J Iran Dent Assoc. 2009; 20 (4) :301-308
URL: http://jida.ir/article-1-512-en.html


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Volume 20, Issue 4 (Foll Text in Persian 2009) Back to browse issues page
Journal of Iranian Dental Association

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